Ionizing radiation is a form of energy that works by removing electrons from atoms and molecules of materials including air, water, and living tissue. It is located on the right side of the electromagnetic spectrum and can travel unseen and pass through these materials. Examples of ionizing radiation include x-rays from an x-ray tube, gamma rays from radioactive elements, and subatomic particles such as electrons, neutrons, and alpha particles (each of the helium nuclei comprises two protons and two neutrons).The energy emitted by a source is generally referred to as radiation. Ionizing radiation can remove electrons from atoms, that is, ionize them.
Since most ionized atoms are due to secondary beta particles, photons are indirect ionizing radiation. The third type of ionizing radiation includes gamma and x-rays, which are electromagnetic and indirectly ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation (or ionizing radiation), including nuclear radiation, consists of subatomic particles or electromagnetic waves that have enough energy to ionize atoms or molecules by separating electrons from them. The boundary between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in the ultraviolet area is not clearly defined, since different molecules and atoms ionize at different energies. Neutrons are generally unable to ionize an atom directly due to their lack of charge, most commonly neutrons ionize indirectly, since they are absorbed into a stable atom, making it unstable and more likely to emit ionizing radiation of another type. Radioactive materials are substances that spontaneously emit various combinations of ionizing particles (alpha and beta) and gamma rays of ionizing radiation to make them more stable.