Air chambers are an essential part of any plumbing system, as they help to absorb the shock wave from sudden movements of water inside the pipes. The operating principle of an air chamber is similar to that of an injection syringe, where the piston is replaced by the liquid sent from the pump. Water hammer, also known as hydraulic shock, is a result of a rapid deceleration of water flow in an enclosed space, such as a pipe. To solve this problem, a water hammer suppressor or an air chamber may be required.
An air chamber is an extension of the water supply pipe near the pipe fitting that provides an air cushion to absorb hydraulic shock. It is a space filled with air, which acts as a cushion or shock absorber for a closed system. The most common cause of a water hammer is an air chamber with too much water in it. Air chambers are vertical pipes that regulate pressure and prevent water from forming waves in the supply pipes.
Installing them at key points in your system can help to eliminate the waves that cause water hammers. The chamber also provides a method of purging air from the system, allowing it to rise to the chamber where it can be released. In conclusion, air chambers are essential components of any plumbing system, as they help to absorb shock waves and regulate pressure. Installing them at key points in your system can help to eliminate water hammers and ensure that your plumbing system runs smoothly.